Dog liability regulations of the 16 federal states
Anyone who owns a dog knows that being responsible with the animal requires not just education, but also precautionary measures such as the leash or the muzzle. There are also legal regulations especially at the community level, which should ensure a smooth coexistence of humans and dogs. Since it can lead to accidents despite all this, the dog liability insurance is required by law in some states.
Dog liability is already required by law in the following six Länder:
- Lower Saxony
From the age of 3 or 6 months each dog must be covered by liability insurance in these states. More information about the exact legal regulations for dog owners can be found here.
A muzzle is said to limit the dog’s ability to bite. Because especially when meeting other dogs or in crowds, it can very quickly lead to an accident. Especially list dogs must muzzle in public. These are dogs that are listed on the list of breeds of dog breeds regarded as dangerous, or where a danger is suspected. But even non-list dogs must wear a muzzle, depending on the regulations of the respective community, for example, in public transport or at public festivals.
Muzzle-taking is often accompanied by a leash requirement, as the dog is better controlled via the leash and accidents can be prevented more easily. The length of the leash can vary, for example, limitations of one or two meters are common. Not only list dogs are subject to a line requirement in many places, if this duty was not lifted by a proof of the harmlessness. Non-list dogs must also be kept on a leash in public transport. The regulations differ here at the community level sometimes very strong.
Legal regulations by federal states
Whether mandatory dog liability, muzzle, Leinenzwang, dog tax or fighting dog regulation – the individual states have their own rules, many provisions are even regulated at the municipal level. Here you will find useful information for each state:
- Lower Saxony
- North Rhine-Westphalia
Attack Dogs Regulation
The muzzle and leash requirement is mainly for list dogs and in designated places of public space. But the combat dog regulation of the individual federal states can contain further regulations. For a dog owner liability insurance for dog owners in some dog breeds is mandatory. In some federal states, such as Berlin, owners of all dog breeds must have liability insurance.
dog license fee
The amount of dog tax depends on several factors. The dog tax is not determined by the individual federal states, but this happens at the community level. In general, a distinction is also made between the first and every other dog, as well as so-called list or investment dogs. For non-list dogs, the dog tax is often around 100 euros per year. For list dogs, on the other hand, a tax of more than 1,000 euros can quickly become due.
Cost of liability insurance
A pet owner liability insurance can save you considerable costs if your dog causes damage and therefore claims for damages are made to you. A good fight dog liability insurance is already under 100 € per year to obtain, liability insurance for non-list dogs are even cheaper.
If you own several dogs, you often get a discount for the second and every other dog to be insured. For example, if you have a list and a non-list dog, not only should you compare which insurance company offers the best fare for each of the two dogs, but also ask if they can save money by insuring the dogs together , A comparison is worthwhile in any case.